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HIV/AIDS

CONTINUOUS EDUCATION – HIV/AIDS Caring for a person with HIV/AIDS requires both physical and emotion support and can be an exhausting task. It also requires taking care of yourself — managing the stress of caregiving and keeping yourself healthy — so you can provide the care your loved one needs. It is important to be in contact with every person involved in caring for the patient, including family members.   WHAT IS HIV/AIDS? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. When the amount of virus in the patient’s body becomes very high, it results in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). With AIDS, the patient’s immune system (or the ability to fight off infections and other diseases) does not function very well. With treatment,…

Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation

  Everyone has a right to live a safe, happy life, free from harm. Unfortunately, many people do not understand or respect individuals with disabilities and will either harm or take advantage of them. What is Abuse? A- Definition : When someone tries to hurt you, cause you pain by hitting , kicking, or slapping you When someone does not stop someone else from causing you physical pain     B- Types of Abuse:  Physical: Someone hitting, kicking, slapping you or using more force than is reasonably necessary for the safety of the individual. Signs that someone is being physically abused: Too much medicine Broken bones, sprains Unexplained injuries Missing hair or teeth Sexual Abuse: Any sexual activity or attempted sexual activity (touching, hugging, intercourse) between…

Cultural Differences and Healthcare

    How does the culture of your family differ from American Anglo-Saxon people? Check all that apply.   We eat different foods – they do not like the spices that I like to use on my foods. Our musical tastes differ. Our forms of worship are similar. Our forms of worship are different. The things they value differ from the things I value. They do not value their elders. We both value our elders. They do not value their children like I do. They do not see the opportunities I see in America, they take a lot for granted.   Yesterday I met a New Yorker at the Metro Station.  Like all New Yorkers I have met, he was moving fast.  He walked to…

HIPAA and Patient Privacy

    What is HIPAA? HIPAA, which stands for the American Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, is a set of rules to be followed by doctors, hospitals and other health care providers. HIPAA helps ensure that all medical records, medical billing, and patient accounts meet certain consistent standards with regard to documentation, handling and privacy. It is the responsibility of MEIGER Health employees, contractors, business associates and volunteers to preserve and protect confidential patient, employee and business information. Confidential Patient Care Information includes any individually identifiable information in possession or derived from a provider of health care regarding a patient’s medical history, mental, or physical condition or treatment, as well as the patients and/or their family member’s records, test results, conversations, research…

Sexual Harassment Training for Employees

  At the close of this session, you will be able to:   Define Sexual harassment. State the importance of preventing sexual harassment at the workplace. Describe MEIGER Health policy and procedures for responding and reporting sexual harassment. Understand your responsibilities as staff of MEIGER Health   What is Sexual Harassment? Unwelcome (unwanted) sexual advances (in other words, one party making sexual moves that the other party does not agree with) . Requests for sexual favors (such as asking staff to put on “sexy” dress or perform sexual act).   Forms of Sexual Harassment Soliciting sexual act in exchange for another favor (Quid Pro Quo) An example is the supervisor asking that you perform a sexual act in exchange for promotion or “easy” schedule. Use…

Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne Pathogens At the close of this session, you will be able to: Explain what bloodborne pathogens are and how to prevent infection.   What are bloodborne pathogens?   Bloodborne pathogens, such as bacteria and viruses, are present in blood and body fluids and can cause disease in humans. The bloodborne pathogens of primary concern are hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV.   These and other bloodborne pathogens are spread primarily through:   Direct contact. Infected blood or body fluid from one person enters another person’s body at a correct entry site, such as infected blood splashing in the eye. Indirect contact. A person’s skin touches an object that contains the blood or body fluid of an infected person, such as picking up soiled dressings…

Basics of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia

  Alzheimer’s disease and dementia?   Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia. Dementia is a loss of thinking, remembering, and reasoning skills that interferes with a person’s daily life and activities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia among older people.   What are the early signs of Alzheimer’s disease?   Memory problems are typically one of the first signs of Alzheimer’s disease, though different people may have different initial symptoms. A decline in other aspects of thinking, such as finding the right words, vision/spatial issues, and impaired reasoning or judgment, may also signal the very early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Mild cognitive impairment, or MCI, is a condition that can also be an early sign of Alzheimer’s disease—but not everyone with…

Turning Patients Over In Bed

  Changing a patient’s position in bed every 2 hours helps keep blood flowing. This helps the skin stay healthy and prevents bedsores. Turning a patient is a good time to check the skin for redness and sores. Getting a Patient Ready   The following steps should be followed: Explain to the patient what you are planning to do so the person knows what to expect. Encourage the person to help you if possible. Stand on the side of the bed the patient will be turning towards and lower the bed rail. Ask the patient to look towards you. This will be the direction in which the person is turning. Move the patient to the center of the bed so the person is not at…

Schizophrenia

Overview   Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling.   Signs and Symptoms Symptoms of schizophrenia usually start between ages 16 and 30. In rare cases, children have schizophrenia too. The symptoms of schizophrenia fall into three categories: positive, negative, and cognitive.   Positive symptoms: “Positive” symptoms are psychotic behaviors not generally seen in healthy people. People with positive symptoms may “lose touch” with some aspects of reality. Symptoms include:   Hallucinations Delusions Thought disorders (unusual or dysfunctional ways of thinking) Movement disorders (agitated body movements) Negative…

Emergency 101

  Is it an Emergency? Medical emergencies can be frightening and stressful. But knowing what to do in an emergency can help you effectively deal with the situation. Here you can find information about emergencies.   It is essential to know how to recognize the signs of a medical emergency—because correctly interpreting and acting on these signs could potentially save the life of a loved one—or your own life—one day. Many people experience the symptoms of an emergency, such as a stroke or a heart attack, but for various reasons (such as fear), delay seeking care right away. For many medical emergencies, time is of the essence, and delays in treatment can often lead to more serious consequences.   Emergency physicians believe it is the…

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